We can't think of a better Christmas present than building a pump track that the whole family can use for years to come. The following is our story on building the Mountain Bike Action pump track in 2010.
After years of false starts and procrastination, the Mountain Bike Action
pump track has finally come to fruition. It took the expertise and
generosity of a World Champion, $2400 in cold hard cash, a 60-by-60 foot
patch of backyard, and forty combined hours of manual labor to turn a
pile of dirt into a ridable and sustainable pump track. The story behind
the Mountain Bike Action
pump track will help you decide if you need a pump track (you do) and how to get it done.
A pump track is a loop of dirt track that can be ridden without
pedaling. A rider uses the rollers (whoops) and berms to “pump” speed
into his bike without having to pedal. You generate speed when you ride
over the bumps by pulling up and then pushing down. You pull up on your
bike when you first come to a whoop or roller, and you push down on your
bike once you crest it. It’s kind of like a dance. It’s all in your
hips. You enter the berm in an attack position, and when the force of
the turn wants to compress your legs, you push back and that makes more
speed. The harder you push, the faster you go. You increase your effort
through the turn, so you’re pushing the hardest as you exit the turn.
After riding a secret pump track built by Marzocchi in Valencia,
California, and spending time on the pump track at Ray’s Indoor Mountain
Pike Park in Cleveland, Ohio, we were hooked. We decided we needed our
own pump track. We grabbed Lee McCormick’s book, Welcome to The Pump Track Nation
and marked out a simple, triangular track. No dirt was imported, and we
built the rollers by removing dirt between them. We built berms by
moving dirt from holes dug behind the berms’ faces.
The result of our labor was severely blistered hands, whoops that were
unpumpable, berms that didn’t flow, and a great mosquito breeding
ground. We are not blaming Lee’s instructions for our failure. It was a
combination of lack of expertise and underestimating the labor and
materials necessary to complete a viable pump track. Many pump tracks
get started and never get ridden. Weeds covered our unridable track, and
it remained dormant until a chance encounter with Eric Carter
Eric was talking about pump tracks when we mentioned the story of our
failed attempt to construct one. To our surprise, and maybe his regret,
Eric offered to design and build our pump track if we would follow his
instructions. You don’t turn down a World Champion who makes a
once-in-a-lifetime offer like that.
Eric used Google Earth to get an idea of what the available space had to
offer. He figured we would construct something a tad more interesting
than a triangular track, and we would need to import 50 yards of dirt.
Many times soil can be had for cheap if someone close is putting in a
pool, but we had a limited window of opportunity to work with Eric, so
we went with Peach Hill Soils in Somis, California (near where the track
was to be constructed).
Meeting with the soil company was the most intimidating part of this
entire process. There are lots of different soils to choose from, and
none of them are labeled “pump track dirt.” We explained what the dirt
was to be used for, and Peach Hill Soils gave us a blend of sand and
clay that seemed to pack down tightly. Four truckloads and $1800 later,
the dirt was piled in the yard, and we spent a sleepless night worrying
about whether this stuff would work for Eric’s grand scheme.
Eric made it simple by supplying a link to the exact type of tractor he
needed to work his magic. We rented a Bobcat S630 Skid Steer Loader for
the day to move the dirt. Next, we rented a torture device called a
Rammer. This scary pogo stick of a tool uses a four-stroke motor to jump
the heavy pile driver and pack down anything that gets in its way. We
would use this to pack the dirt that Eric would move. The cost for
equipment rental was $600. Finally, all the shovels and rakes that we
could find were collected for the big day.
If you plan to pull off the 10-hour pump track miracle growth project,
you can’t have any loose ends on P day. When Eric showed up at nine in
the morning, we were ready to rock with the dirt delivered, the
equipment ready to go, extra fuel and food and drinks.
To our surprise, Eric didn’t have a blueprint. He walked the
60-by-60-foot yard deliberately and mulled things over in his head. A
few minutes later, he came up with the basic design concept--in his
head! Eric fired up the Bobcat and started building the five berms that
would link the whoop sections. Once he finished a berm shape, the Rammer
was kicked to life and used to pound dirt from tacky topsoil into firm
hardpack. After the berms were finished, the whoops were constructed and
pounded by the Rammer. Shovels and rakes were used for touch up on the
berms and whoops. Except for a lunch break, the crew worked non-stop
until just before sunset. It was then that Eric decided the time had
come. Was this quitting time? Nope, it was time to ride.
ONE-DAY PUMP TRACK
What seemed impossible in the morning was now a reality. We were riding a
pump track that had been a pile of dirt just 10 hours earlier. We would
have ridden the next ten hours, but the days aren’t that long in
The next morning, with the rented tools returned and the other tools in
the shed, we were ready to shred. Eric’s track allowed for lots of line
options, fast berms and great flow. The parallel berms that seemed a
little redundant during construction turned out to be the most fun part
of the track because they allowed passing and head-to-head pumping.
Still, we could tell that Eric wasn’t totally satisfied. Something was
missing. He grabbed a shovel and started moving dirt to form another
whoop. We watched perplexed until he packed it down and got back on his
bike. After pumping three laps to get up to speed, E.C. hit the new
section that allowed him to reverse directions. This simple addition
gave a rider the option to go from riding the track clockwise to counter
clockwise without stopping. Very, very sano, Mister E.C.
TIPS AND TRICKS FOR YOUR TRACK
Hate to admit it, but it is a good idea to
consult an attorney about what a pump track opens you up to. It’s
guaranteed that your pump track will attract every kid in the
neighborhood, and while we are not aware of any pump track fall
resulting in a serious injury, there is always a possibility.
Get it done:
Our track sat dormant for over a year because of
false starts and lack of materials. If you decide you want a pump track,
don’t stretch out the construction over months. Set a weekend, call in
all the favors you can and get it done. The sooner you are riding it,
the more motivated you will be to improve it.
Import the dirt:
Digging holes on the property for the necessary
dirt creates major drainage issues. Find free fill dirt or bite the
bullet and buy it.
Import more dirt:
The 50 yards of dirt was delivered in four
truckloads. It seemed like way too much. It wasn’t. Eric would have
liked to build a roll-in ramp to the track. The dirt ran out before he
got that far. Conservatively, we could have used 75 yards of dirt.
Know the rules:
Communities may require permits to import over a
certain amount of dirt. Two days after we put in our pump track, we got a
visit from a city official tipped off by an anonymous neighbor. Tipped
off about what, we are not sure, because no laws were broken and the
official went home with his citation book in his pocket. Still, don’t
wing it. Find out from the soil supplier what the rules are.
Get the right dirt:
Sandy dirt that doesn’t pack or dirt loaded
with rocks will not work for your track. The dirt has to pack as hard as
adobe and needs to be clear of debris. If the dirt doesn’t pack, your
track won’t work.
If somebody tells you they know how to build a
pump track, ask to see a track that they have built. Better yet, go ride
it. “I’ve met so many people who say they know how to build a pump
track who don’t have a clue,” explains Eric Carter.
Down the drain:
Eric installed drainage at the lowest berm of the
track where he anticipated water would collect after a rain. He was
right. The drain prevented our pump track from becoming a pump pool.
You’re never done:
Think of your pump track a work in progress. You will find ways to modify and improve the track the more laps you put on it.
You will ride your track in both directions. Not stopping
to do it is even better. A reverse-direction turn makes the track twice
as much fun.
Pretty it up:
We have planted ice plant and sunflowers on the berms.
If you light your track (we did) or set up speakers, point them away from neighbors’ property.
THE HIDDEN BENEFITS
Is pump track riding really mountain biking? No. You don’t even pedal
the bike. But, it is an excellent form of cross training. You will use
the skills you develop on the pump track every time you ride a trail.
You will look at riding differently after realizing how much forward
momentum you can generate with a well-timed pump. You will develop more
cornering confidence, too. Your upper body gets a better workout during a
20-minute pump track session than it will on a two-hour ride.
A pump track becomes a social gathering place for the neighborhood. It
is not uncommon to have riders from ages 7 to 60 throwing down laps. The
track is a great place to chill with friends and family. We added a
table, chairs and a fire pit to the pump track area.
The best news about a pump track is that you can ride anything but a
downhill race bike on it. We have pumped laps on a 5-inch-travel
trailbike after dropping the saddle. Twenty-niners and long-travel bikes
will prove more of a challenge for anyone but an accomplished pump
But if you are going to all this trouble to build a pump track, why not go all the way? Hardtail jump bikes like the Specialized P series
, Scott Voltage
, Giant STP
or Haro Steel Reserve
rail on a pump track.
Learning to pump comes quickly to experienced riders. We have seen
riders pumping multiple laps on their first visit to the track. New
riders have a lot of fun learning, because pump tracks are not scary or
intimidating, and unlike with mountain biking, you are not out in the
wilds when you get tired. New riders should not even worry about
pumping. Have them ride the track to get a feel. The pumping will
A PUMP TRACK IN EVERY NEIGHBORHOOD
Well, there you have it. It is not mountain biking, but you do it with a
mountain bike and it will improve your riding. You will get to know
neighbors you’ve never talked to before (hopefully in a positive way),
and it is a fast, easy way to blow off steam after a hectic day at
school or the office. Welcome to the pump track world.
This story first ran in the August 2010 issue of Mountain Bike Action. We still do laps on the track every week.
A subscription also makes a great Christmas present for the mountain bikers on your list. Just click here for the print edition or click here for the iPad edition.